A team of physicists has revealed a brand new state of matter—a breakthrough that gives promise for increasing storage capabilities in electronic gadgets and improving quantum computing.
Our research has resulted in exposing experimental evidence for a new state of matter, topological superconductivity, says Javad Shabani, assistant professor of physics at New York University. This new topological state could be manipulated in ways that may affect each speed calculation in quantum computing and expand storage.
The discovery, reported in a paper on arXiv, was conducted with Igor Zutic on the University of Buffalo and Alex Matos-Abiague at Wayne State University.
The work centers on quantum computing—a way that may make calculations at considerably quicker rates than can everyday computing. It is because standard computers process digital bits within the form of 0s and 1s while quantum computers deploy quantum bits (qubits) to tabulate any value between 0 and 1, exponentially lifting the capacity and speed of data processing.
Of their analysis, Shabani and his colleagues analyzed a transition of a quantum state from its typical state to a new topological state, measuring the energy barrier between these states. They supplemented this by directly measuring the signature traits of this transition in the order parameter that governs the new topological superconductivity phase.
Here, they centered the inquiry on Majorana particles, that are their very own antiparticles—substances with the identical mass, however with the other bodily cost. Scientists see value in Majorana particles because of their potential to store quantum information in a particular computation area where quantum data is protected from the environment noise. Nonetheless, there are no natural host materials for these particles, often known as Majorana fermions. In consequence, researchers have sought to engineer platforms—i.e., new types of matter—on which these calculations could be conducted.
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