- The quantum computer is located in the basement of the National University of Science and Technology (MISIS) in Moscow.
- Alexei Ryazanov believes the physics field is experiencing a second quantum revolution.
- Thus far the only announcement of a Navy application has been by Russia.
Russia has announced the first functioning prototype of the Quantum Computer. The Quantum computing idea began in the 1980s when physicist Paul Benioff proposed a quantum mechanical model of the Turing machine. The field of quantum computing is closely related to quantum information science, which includes quantum cryptography and quantum communication.
The quantum computer in Russia performed its first quantum algorithm. It was Grover’s alghyrtm, which is a quantum algorithm for searching an unsorted database with N entries in O(N1/2) time and using O(logN) storage space (see big O notation). It was invented by Lov Grover in 1996.
Alexei Ryazanov is a physicist in charge of the quantum computer project. The quantum computer is located in the basement of the National University of Science and Technology (MISIS) in Moscow.
The basement is kept as close to 0 Celsius temperature by a Helium 3 refrigerator (A helium-3 refrigerator is a simple device used in experimental physics for obtaining temperatures down to about 0.2 kelvins). The rest of the space is occupied by a qubit system. Qubits (quantum bits) are the fundamental building blocks for quantum information processes. Whereas conventional computers store and process data as a series of ‘1’s and ‘0’s, quantum computers use the properties of a quantum system, such as the polarization of a photon or the spin of an electron. Additionally, qubits represent atoms, ions, photons or electrons and their respective control devices that are working together to act as a computer memory and a processor. Qubits are very fragile and can be destroyed by heat, noise and even dust. The qubits can only be seen with a microscope and their main elements have a width of 200 nanometers (nanometer is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one billionth of a meter).
Ryazanov believes the physics field is experiencing a second quantum revolution. The first revolution was during the discovery of Quantum Mechanics that led to the creation of lasers and nuclear weapons. One of he advantages of the quantum computer is the ability to calculate tasks a billion times faster vs the regular computer, due to the capabilities of being in multiple states at the same time, having a value of not just 0 or 1, but both, and any amount of numbers in between. Qubits also have an ability to be linked together (entanglement), even over massive distances where there is zero possibility of a physical connection. When two qubits are linked together, they will both share a similar state and each qubit added to the mix doubles the possible processing capabilities.
In order to be able to utilize quantum computers, scientists catch an atom by using electromagnetic or optical traps. After the atom is caught, it is cooled by using a laser. Consequently, such atoms are the base of the quantum computing. Russian scientists are using a method of superconducting nanostructures of “artificial atoms.” Basically, using an application of the fundamental physics of the artificial quantum systems.
The Kremlin is specifically interested in quantum computing application in defense, including navy ships application of disappearing qubits.
IBM and Google are fierce US competitors in the race to develop quantum computers. Earlier this year IBM unveiled the Q System One. IBM Q System One is the world’s first-ever circuit-based commercial quantum computer, introduced in January 2019.
The global quantum computing race is on. Thus far the only announcement of a Navy application has been by Russia. Nevertheless, the Pentagon last year commented on their vision of using quantum computing as a main future weapon in space. Putin’s military ambitions and global dominance is the one to watch.
Source of Alexei Ryazanov information Ogonek
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