US tech giant IBM does not yet see Russia and its state nuclear corporation Rosatom as competitors in the field of quantum computers, Arvind Krishna, IBM’s senior vice president and future CEO, told Sputnik in an interview
GENEVA (UrduPoint News / Sputnik – 20th February, 2020) US tech giant IBM does not yet see Russia and its state nuclear corporation Rosatom as competitors in the field of quantum computers, Arvind Krishna, IBM’s senior vice president and future CEO, told Sputnik in an interview.
“Every country has announced (quantum computer) programs. I mean, China announced a $10 billion program. The EU announced I think, 1 or 2 billion Euros. Russia announced that it’s going to spend a couple of billions. The UK has announced they are going to spend, the US has announced, Canada has announced. That does not mean that they have the capability to do this,” Krishna said, when asked to comment on Rosatom’s project.
He said that the creation of a quantum computer required materials, semiconductors and radio-wave electronics, as well as expertise in the field of quantum mechanics, physics and many other disciplines. All this has already inspired changes to education systems, in particular, in the US, he noted.
Krishna also believed that the US was ahead of other countries in quantum computing by a decade, if not more.
“But if I look at some competitors, then I think we are two, three or four years ahead of them.
And I’m afraid that they will catch up very quickly,” he said.
Krishna did not rule out that IBM could cooperate with Russia on quantum technologies but noted that this possibilty largely depended on the geopolitical situation.
“I think anything is possible, but I, as you noticed, stay away from geopolitics. Science, unfortunately, depends on geopolitics and export control,” he said.
Early last year, IBM announced the creation of the first commercial quantum computer needing just a few seconds to solve complex tasks that would take several thousand years for the most powerful modern supercomputers to solve. Last fall, Google also announced it had created a quantum computer, and had achieved “quantum superiority” when a task set by artificial intelligence was solved hundreds of thousands of times faster than on a common computer. IBM responded by pointing to errors in Google‘s calculations.
Both companies currently have quantum systems that contain a record of 53 qubits (quantum bits), the smallest elements for storing information in a quantum computer. Russian scientists have so far been able to build a system on only two qubits.
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