Google’s Quantum AI campus in Santa Barbara, California, is a brand-new, state-of-the-art facility. It features the company’s first quantum data center, quantum hardware research laboratories, and quantum processor chip fabrication facilities that will all be used to facilitating the building of the first “error-corrected quantum computer for the world.”
Quantum computers use quantum bits, or “qubits,” which can be entangled in a quite “complex superposition of states, naturally mirroring the complexity of molecules in the real world.” Ultimately, all of this can be hand-waved away as high-level physics to help “test and invent new chemical processes and new materials before investing in costly real-life prototypes.” The problem with this is that there can be interference from and smallest of things, such as radiation from the sun. Thus, an error-corrected system is needed to make the process more efficient and reliable.
To get to a solid error-correcting quantum computer, Google is on a path to create one million physical qubits working in tandem within a “room-sized error-corrected quantum computer.” In doing this, Google will also need to build the world’s first “quantum transistor,” which is two error-corrected “logical qubits,” that perform operations together and are subsequently tiled together to form the quantum computer. To get to that point, several more steps must be accomplished before the ultimate goal is realized.
Basically, what this boils down to is that there is a lot of complex work ahead of Google, and it may take many years. Having a facility that aids in the endeavor is paramount to researching and developing as efficiently as possible. Whether or not the information goes over the head of most who read about it, it is fascinating work no matter what, so stay tuned to HotHardware for the many quantum computing updates to come in the years to follow.
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